Infants

  • Disruption in eating and sleeping routines
  • Fearful reactions to loud noises
  • Excessive crying
  • Physical neglect
  • Delays in development

Preschool Children

  • Low self-esteem
  • Frequent illness
  • Poor concentration
  • Eating and sleep disturbances
  • Post-Traumatic stress *
  • Fear
  • Separation anxiety
  • Anger and aggression
  • Clinging
  • Withdrawing
  • Hitting, biting
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Cruelty to animals
  • Destruction of property
  • Problems in pre-school/day care
  • Pleasing behaviour (thumb sucking, bed wetting)

Elementary School Age (5-12 years)

  • Low self-esteem
  • Frequent illness
  • Poor concentration
  • Eating and sleep disturbances
  • Post traumatic stress *
  • Fear
  • Anxiety and tension
  • Anger and aggression
  • Withdrawing
  • Bullying
  • Alcohol/drug use
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Self-harm
  • Perfectionism
  • Destruction of property
  • Problems in school
  • Pleasing behaviour
  • Peer relationship problems
  • Disrespect for females

Early Adolescence (12-14 Years)

  • Low self esteem
  • Frequent illness
  • Poor concentration
  • Eating and sleep disturbances
  • Post traumatic stress *
  • Fear
  • Anxiety and tension
  • Anger and aggression
  • Bullying
  • Being abused or becoming abusive
  • Depression
  • Alcohol/drug use
  • Self harm
  • Suicidal behaviour
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Perfectionism
  • Running away from home
  • Pleasing behaviour
  • Peer relationship problems
  • Disrespect for females
  • Feeling over-responsible

Later Adolescence (15-18 years)

  • Low self-esteem
  • Frequent illness
  • Poor concentration
  • Eating and sleep disturbances
  • Post traumatic stress *
  • Fear
  • Anxiety and tension
  • Anger and aggression
  • Bullying
  • Being abused or becoming abusive
  • Depression
  • Alcohol/drug use
  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal behaviour
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Perfectionism
  • Running away from home
  • Pleasing behaviour
  • Problems in school
  • Peer relationship problems
  • Disrespect for females
  • Feeling over-responsible

*Traumatic Stress:
Symptoms include: nightmares, intrusive thoughts or images, flashbacks, fear, anxiety, tension, hyper-alert, easily startled, irritability, outbursts of anger, and aggression.